Ⅰ Revenue Collection
One of Customs' primary missions is revenue collection. Other government agencies also entrust Customs to collect various taxes and fees, such as commodity tax, specifically selected goods tax, business tax, tobacco and alcohol taxes, trade promotion fee, health and welfare surcharge, among others. Furthermore, Customs enforces economic and trade controls following national policies and international conventions. Customs' operations are closely linked to people's lives; its performance has great impact on national economic development and international trade.
Most of the imported goods going through Keelung Customs (KLC) are groceries, electrical appliances, automobiles, parts of electronic product, machinery, and electrical equipment, featuring high tax rates, high prices, and large quantities. The majority of exported goods through KLC are containerized garments, computers and spare parts, plastic products, and machines, and so on.
In 2020, total tariff revenue imposed by KLC was approximately NT $67.8 billion, accounting for 55.85% of national tariff revenue; while total taxes and fees collected on behalf of other government agencies was approximately NT $147.3 billion, the highest among four regional Customs.
Ⅱ Anti-smuggling Operations
Illegal smuggling causes revenue loss, sabotages public order, hinders economic development, and jeopardizes national security. As a result, anti-smuggling is always listed high on Customs' priority missions. Statistics shows that 1,340 seizures were made in 2020, totaling NT$1.53 billion. Operations to counter illegal smuggling are described as below:
1. Offshore patrol:
Anti-smuggling vessels "Hai-en" and "Hai-ying" are deployed at Keelung Harbor; "Hai-qing" and "Hai-dong" are deployed in Hualien area to patrol in adjacent waters.
2. Onshore monitoring:
KLC dispatches inspectors at Keelung Port, Taipei Port, Hualien Port, Suao Port, Hualien Heping Industrial Zone, Matsu Fuao Port, Baisha Port, and other locations to patrol and monitor the loading, unloading, and moving of containers and cargoes in port area round-the-clock.
3. Container and cargo inspection:
KLC monitors containers entering and exit of container terminals on the east and west banks of Keelung Port. It adopts risk management approaches to pinpoint suspicious containers. Starting from January 1, 2011, KLC began deploying X-ray inspection machines at the ports of Keelung and Taipei. By scanning containers and goods with non-intrusive inspection (NII) equipment, Customs can identify suspicious items inside the containers without physically examining them. Aside from saving manpower, NII equipment can also reduce chances of goods damage, lower customs clearance costs, and shorten customs clearance time.
4. Baggage inspection
To strike a balance between facilitation and enforcement, KLC applies risk management system and conducts random checks on inbound and outbound passengers’ baggage. On the contrary, personal effect carried by crew members do not apply to the above system; they are inspected item by item to prevent drugs, weapons, ammunition, or contraband goods from crossing the borders.
5. Drug detection
Keelung Customs has added detector dog teams to its enforcing power since July 25, 2011. The detector dog teams are highly mobile; they can perform duties at different cites, such as sea/air ports, container terminals, or on board vessels to conduct inbound and outbound passengers’ luggage, cargoes and postal parcels inspection, etc. The teams also support other customs units when necessary.